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Step-by-step guide to prevent tailgating attacks

In this article we will present you four steps how to prevent a tailgating attack. The logic is to address the root causes of employee lack of security awareness and exposure to social engineering.

1.Training employees on physical security

Many companies focus their security awareness training programs on digital security practices. These practices include proper password hygiene and phishing email detection. Digital security is essential, but neglecting to be aware of physical security within an organization can have a significant impact and damage to the business.

A robust security training program promotes awareness and vigilance of physical security attacks and mitigation methods, including tailgating. Ideally, it helps to provide training throughout the year to enhance employee safety lessons. Maintain an always-on approach.

Developing an effective training program is complex, time consuming and costly, so consider a dedicated security awareness training platform. These platforms leverage security training expertise to enable organizations to run robust recognition programs without having to program from scratch.

2. Make employees understand social engineering

Many employees are unaware of tailgating attacks because they often do not know what a social engineering attack really looks like. While security training programs are a useful starting point, simulated attacks further raise security awareness by learning how real incidents occur.

Simulated phishing is a great way to introduce social engineering techniques to your employees. Dedicated platforms like BLAST automatically compose attractive phishing emails. You do not have to compose these emails. With the click of a button, you can send phishing emails to your employees to test your alertness to social engineering.

It’s not unreasonable to expect that familiarity with the digital format of social engineering will be carried over to physical attacks such as tailgating and piggyback. At the very least, simulated attacks keep employees on their toes and continue to monitor suspicious behavior and activity in the office and computers.

3. Improve the security of physical access

Most businesses today offer their employees smart cards for office access. The continued success of tailgating attacks has repeatedly shown that this physical security measure is inadequate. A fully manned reception area with dedicated security guards provides for an additional layer of physical access security. An alternative or supplement to the occupied reception area is a turnstile ticket gate that is accessible to only one person at a time. For shared offices with multiple companies on different floors, consider pooling resources with other companies in the building to invest in stronger and more robust physical access security. The badge provides a cost-effective way to improve access security. Requesting a badge from all authorized employees and visitors makes it easier to visually identify who should not be inside the building or in a designated area.

4. Use advanced video surveillance

Due to the multiple entrances to the office building and the various exclusion zones, it is difficult to properly monitor who goes where, even with a manned front desk. Advanced video surveillance leverages AI and video analytics to help organizations improve real-time physical security surveillance. These camera systems can evaluate who enters the building by comparing video footage with employee or contractor face scans. Dedicated security personnel or alerts to your IT department can quickly notify your organization of unauthorized on-premises personnel. You can then intercept the intruder from malicious actions.

Attackers do not limit the scope of malicious activity to digital systems. Physical security hacks are not a thing of the past. Occurs on a regular basis and many organizations are not resources or ready to counter them. Start with better security awareness training and simulated social engineering attacks, stop tailgating in its orbit and then step up efforts to strengthen physical access control.