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How to give first aid in an accident

The term “first aid” refers to the steps conducted immediately following the occurrence of a workplace injury until the intervention of qualified medical personnel.

First aid is administered in three stages:

  • At the scene of the accident;

  • During transport

  • To medical units.

All medical units are obligated to offer continuous emergency medical care, but if the injured person’s condition surpasses the local competence and capabilities, he or she will be evacuated to a specialized unit.

Medical and occupational safety services are responsible for the following tasks in order to provide first aid at work:

  • To have the knowledge and technical means to act effectively in the event of an incident in order to reduce its implications;

  • To educate and sensitize personnel about the concepts of risk and danger;

  • train rescuers to respond swiftly and effectively in workplace emergencies until expert teams arrive;

  • should be aware of and anticipate job-specific risks.

The activities of prevention, of establishing the best conditions for the growth of the work process, predominate in the promotion of workplace safety and health, but in order to reduce the impact of an accident, the type of therapeutic training must be considered. Except in extreme instances in remote locations, where trained personnel should give first aid.

The rescuer does not replace the doctor, but he must prevent the following by the measures he employs:

  • The injured victim’s condition is getting worse;

  • complications;

  • the victim’s passing away.

At all costs, a person who is unprepared to act as a savior shouldn’t attempt to become involved. In this instance, he has the following duties:

  • Refuse to touch the victim;

  • To contact the nearest rescuer;

  • To report the collision and make an aid request;

  • To make plans for the victim’s safety;

  • To stop the accident’s status from getting worse.

The factors that the rescuer will consider

A situational analysis

  • What happened, and what kind of accident was it?

  • Are there other dangers?

  • Is it possible to minimize this risk without creating a new one?

Defending the victim

To safeguard the victim and stop the spread of its effects, research is needed to identify the hazards that still exist.

Checking the victim out

  • Looking into and identifying warning indicators that the victim’s life is in danger. Is there a lot of bleeding?

  • How will you answer the questions?

  • Just breathe?

  • Is there a pulse in him?

Reporting the accident, either directly or indirectly

The first aid call must include details about the accident, including how it happened, where it happened, if the road was accessible, how many victims there were, how they were injured, and who made the call. The caller must wait for the proper confirmation of the message that was sent.

The injured person will be inspected and given first aid before being transferred. Typically, only ambulances are used for transportation. Only victims with minor wounds that do not interfere with vital bodily processes will be transported via makeshift means.

Only specially trained medical-sanitary personnel are authorized under the emergency services’ current organizational and resource arrangements to direct the lifting and transportation of accident victims.

First aid should be administered at the accident scene and throughout the transport, even if it only takes 10-15 minutes to go from the accident scene to the hospital.

The goal of not escalating accident-related injuries must take precedence over the intervention approach for transfer. In this respect, it will be necessary to transfer the injured individual so that the head, neck, trunk, and pelvic assembly stay immobile, much like a rigid block.

Failure to follow the guidelines for administering first aid at the scene of the accident and disregarding the requirement to take the victim to the hospital by ambulance resulted in the situation of picking up a wounded person in shock from the scene of the accident, transporting a dying person, and “hospitalizing” a potential victim.

Please keep that in mind!

Employers are required by law to designate staff who have received first aid training in order to give first aid.