Hand washing is the most important strategy for preventing the spread of illnesses; wash hands frequently with soap and water, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer (containing at least 60% alcohol) if soap and water are not available.It’s also crucial to acquire a vaccine for any illnesses or viruses that have one, if one is available.
You can do a number of things to prevent or delay the spread of infections, including:
Obtain the necessary vaccinations.
Hands should be washed often.
When appropriate, practice physical distance from members of your home (keeping more than 2 meters (6 feet) apart).
If you’re sick, stay at home (so you do not spread the illness to other people).
Cough and sneeze into your arm, not your hand, and turn away from other people, or use a tissue.
Single-use tissues should be used. Throw away the tissue right away.
If you’re working with kids, have them play with toys that have a hard surface and can be wiped and disinfected easily.
Do not use unwashed hands to touch your eyes, nose, or mouth (viruses can enter your body from unwashed hands).
Cups, glasses, utensils, silverware, cigarettes, and cellphones should not be shared.
Wear a non-medical mask when in a public environment if physical separation is not possible, as suggested by public health authorities.
Workplaces can help by implementing an infection control plan that includes the following elements:
Having clean handwashing facilities is a must.
When standard facilities are unavailable, provide alcohol-based hand sanitizers with a minimum alcohol level of 60%. (or to people on the road).
Employees and visitors should be screened before entering the building if public health authorities urge it (i.e., using a questionnaire or other measures). If a person tests positive for HIV, do not let them into the building.
Providing tissue boxes and encouraging people to use them.
Disinfectant wipes, particularly for usage in public places and at individual workstations,
Surfaces such as doorknobs, handles, stair railings, bars, workstations, phones, kitchens, shared computers, cash registers, elevator buttons, and restaurant tables/menus should be cleaned and disinfected on a regular basis. Disinfecting high-touch products and surfaces many times a day is recommended.
Reminding employees that cups, glasses, dishes, and cutlery should not be shared. Before allowing another individual to use your dishes, make sure they’ve been washed in soap and water.
Taking magazines and newspapers out of waiting areas and social spaces (such as receptions, break rooms, and kitchens)
between users, disinfecting objects such as pens at receptions and service desks.
When a person suspects or confirms they have an infection, they should clean and disinfect their workplace (or any other surfaces they come into contact with).
Assuring that ventilation systems are in good operating order, that they are maintained according to manufacturer recommendations, and that they are tuned to produce the greatest number of air exchanges per hour.
After handling the rubbish, wash your hands.
When handling linen contaminated with secretions from people who are suspected of being unwell or who are sick, wash the linen with detergent and properly dry it. Dirty laundry should not be shaken. After that, wash your hands.
Consider forming teams or crews (“cohorts”) of workers who will work together solely to stop the infection from spreading.
limiting the number of visitors. Wherever possible, reschedule or minimize appointments with suppliers, vendors, service personnel, and others.
Additional precautions may be required to reduce the spread of germs through contact points (sinks, door and cupboard handles, railings, objects, counters, etc.).
Viruses, for example, can persist on hard surfaces for several hours depending on the conditions.
Employees should generally be allowed and encouraged to stay at home if they are ill. However, in the event of a pandemic, using screening tools or a checklist of symptoms specified by your local public health authority may be suitable.
Allow employees to depart or stay at home if they are experiencing any symptoms. If a person is unsure whether or not they are unwell, they should stay at home until they feel better and can resume their normal activities. Returning to work following an illness may be governed by your local public health authority.
Clean and disinfect any surface or item with which the sick employee came into contact.