Sexual violence occurs in all societies and affects people of all genders and ages. Sexual abuse can be most easily defined as any form of unwanted sexual contact. This includes words and actions of a sexual nature against the will and consent of the person. A person can use force, threats, manipulation or coercion make its sexual intentions true.
Forms of sexual violence include:
Rape or sexual abuse
Sexual abuse of children and immorality
Sexual abuse of a spouse or partner
Public masturbation without consent
Seeing someone engage in private activities without his permission or sharing of his pictures do not agree with is a social context surrounded by sexual violence. Social norms that approve of violence, rule over others, traditional masculine constructions, enslavement of women and silence about violence and abuse all contribute to the occurrence of sexual violence.
Repression in all its forms is one of the main causes of sexual violence. Sexual violence can be prevented in our homes, neighborhoods, schools, places of worship, workplaces and other systems by working with community members at different levels of society. They all play a role in preventing sexual violence and in setting the rules for respect, safety, equality, and helping others.
Consent must be freely given and informed, and a person may change his mind at any time.
Consent is not only a yes or a no. It is a dialogue about wants, needs and comfort level in various sexual interactions.
Victims of sexual violence include people of all ages, races, genders and religions – with and without disabilities.
One in five American women has experienced rape or attempted rape at some point in their lives (Black et al., 2011).
In the US, 1 in 71 men have attempted to rape or have been raped (Black et al., 2011). It is estimated that 32.3% of multiracial women, 27.5% of Native American/Alaska Native women, 21.2% of non-Hispanic black women, 20.5% of non-Hispanic white women, and 13.6% of Hispanic women have been raped. in their life. et al., 2011).
People who are sexually abusive usually target someone they know.
Almost three out of four adolescents (74%) have experienced sexual abuse by someone they know well.
21.1% were committed by a family member.
Choosing to offend another person is not about “drinking too much”, “trying to have fun” or “getting carried away”, nor is it about the clothes someone wore on how they behaved themselves, or the type of relationship they have with the person who abused them. Rape of another person is a choice.
A person may decide not to report to the police for a variety of reasons or to report a vulnerability they are experiencing. Some of the most common include:
fear of not being believed
fear of retaliation
embarrassment or fear of being blamed
pressure from others
mistrust of law enforcement
desire to protect the offender for other reasons
The effects of sexual violence extend beyond the individual survivor and reach the entire community.
An attack can affect a survivor’s daily life, regardless of when it occurs. Each survivor responds to sexual violence in their own way. Common emotional responses include feelings of guilt, shame, fear, numbness, shock, and feelings of isolation.
Physical consequences may include bodily injury. Concerns about pregnancy or risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections The financial consequences of sexual violence include medical and other expenses, as well as things like leave from work. Post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression, isolation, etc. are among the long-term psychological effects that survivors may face if their trauma is not addressed.
Sexual violence can affect parents, friends, partners, children, spouses and / or survivors. As they try to come to terms with what happened, loved ones may experience the same reactions and feelings as those who survived, such as fear, guilt, self-blame and anger.
Violence in any form destroys security and trust. There are financial costs to society, including medical services, criminal justice costs, crisis costs, mental health services, and lost contributions from people affected by sexual violence.
Sexual violence undermines the fundamental pillars of safety and trust that people want to feel in their communities because it creates an environment of fear and oppression.
A recent study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that each victim of sexual violence faced $122,461 for a lifetime in lost wages-related expenses. Health care, criminal justice and property damage (Peterson et al., 2017). Additional research indicates that sexual abuse can disrupt a person’s education and work, resulting in a loss of $241,600 in lifetime income.