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Drug-facilitated sexual violence

Introduction

There has been an increase in sexual assaults involving drug and alcohol use as perpetrators find more serious and dangerous means of reassuring victims. The use of alcohol as a common sedative has been combined and replaced with illicit drugs such as Rohypnol (ro-hip-nol), Gamma Hydroxybutyrate (GHB), Ketamine and Ecstasy. These drugs are increasingly being used to calm potential victims of sexual abuse. Of the reported cases where the drug has been used to facilitate rape, it is most common for the perpetrator to drop the drug into the victim’s drink. Some of these drugs used to alleviate sexual assault may come in forms that are colorless, odorless, tasteless, and dissolve quickly. The victim may consume it unconsciously.

Although Rohypnol is illegal in the United States and GHB is only FDA approved for medically supervised protocols, they are both legally manufactured and sold in other countries. Rohypnol is intended to reduce severe sleep disorders and GHB is used as an additive to sedation.

75% of all dating rapes involve alcohol and/or drugs. When drugs are used in conjunction with alcohol, they can lead to unconsciousness and loss of the ability to consent. The effect of all drugs is enhanced when taken with alcohol. Victims of these alcohol and/or sedative drugs often have no recollection of physical abuse. So unable to report immediately

In West Virginia, a drunk or drugged person cannot consent to have sex. If someone has sex with another person while he / she is in such an incapacitated state, it is sexual abuse. Simple possession of these drugs (described below) is punishable by imprisonment for up to 3 years and a fine. Using these drugs with another person without their knowledge and with intent to commit a violent crime. (Including rape) Maximum 20 years imprisonment and fine.

Drugs used to facilitate sexual abuse

Sexual abuse can be alleviated by the use of drugs, both “street” and legal. While alcohol is often a factor in sexual assault, illegal drugs (also known as “club drugs”) can be a factor. Some victims unknowingly become addicted when the drug is smeared on their drink. Some of these drugs are tasteless and odorless, act as fast-acting sedatives, and usually cause memory loss and/or unconsciousness that can last from a few hours to a few days. These drugs have been abused to unknowingly soothe individuals for sexual assault. These drugs are often referred to by different street names.

The only way to be sure someone has been sedated is to have their urine or blood tested. Every hour counts. The chances of obtaining evidence are better when a urine/blood sample is obtained soon after ingesting the substance.

What is Rohypnol?

Rohypnol is the trade name for flunitrazepam, a central nervous system depressant that belongs to a class of medicines called benzodiazepines, which includes commonly used medicines such as Valium, Librium and Xanex.

Rohypnol is currently a Schedule IV drug under the Federal Control Substances Act 1970 with Schedule I fines for illegal possession, import or distribution in the United States.

Information on Rohypnol:

  • Street names are Roofies, R-2s, Roches, Forget-Me Pills, Whiteys, and Mind-Eraser.

  • A benzodiazepine called flunitrazepam (10 to 20 times stronger than Valium).

  • However, in the United States, Rogipnol is legally used on prescription in 80 countries for the short-term treatment of severe sleep disorders and as a surgical sedative.

  • Only available in the form of tasteless and odorless tablets.

  • Rapidly soluble in liquids (soft drinks, alcohol, etc.).

  • Effects begin 20-30 minutes after ingestion. The strongest effect occurs within one or two hours.

  • May cause memory loss up to 8 hours after a single dose with slurred speech, decreased heart rate, and increased blood pressure.

  • It is used as a recreational drug.

  • It is no longer present in the blood after 4-6 hours. It can stay in the urine for up to 48 hours due to how the body metabolizes the substance.

  • The pill is oval in shape and olive green in color. When dissolved in liquid, the tablet produces a bluish-green tint. Facts About

GHB (Gamma Hydroxybutyrate Acid)

  • Street names are Gravus Body Horm, Liquid G, Easy Lee, Liquid Ecstasy, Georgia Home Boy and Great Hormones at Sleep.

  • Used as an alternative to steroids by bodybuilders. It is believed to cause slow sleep which occurs when muscle hormones are released into the body.

  • Colorless, odorless liquid with a salty or plastic taste.

  • Can easily be indulged in margaritas and other fruity drinks.

  • Power differs due to its production.

  • Illegally produced.

  • It is illegal to manufacture and/or sell GHB in the US.

  • The effect of the drug begins within 15-20 minutes after ingestion. It peaks at 60 minutes and the plateaus at 90 minutes.

  • Has a dose-dependent effect. Lower doses may reduce inhibition. High doses can cause nausea, drowsiness, muscle stiffness, breathing problems, seizures, loss of consciousness, coma, and death.

  • Can cause the victim to snort loudly, resembling a chainsaw.

  • Often causes sudden vomiting and involuntary muscle spasms.

  • You can brake your breathing to six breaths per minute.

  • Gives a rapid onset of intoxication, comparable to alcohol, but with a high level of euphoria and requiring an out-of-body experience.

  • No more bleeding after that

Ketamine Facts

  • Street Names: Special K, Vitamin K, KitKat and Purple Bump.

  • General anesthetic used in veterinary surgery and for changing burn dressings.

  • This preparation is usually a colorless, odorless, and tasteless liquid. It may be a clear white powder.

  • Accurate in just 5-20 minutes. The effects can last 2 to 8 hours.

  • May cause slurred speech, unstable gait, mechanical movements, monotonous speech and hallucinations.

  • It is a close relative of PCP and can cause similar severe behavioral effects.

  • It is available in liquid tablet form. It can also be in powder form.

  • No longer in blood after 24 hours. Remains in urine up to 48 hours.

  • was originally designed to suppress hunger.

  • It is rarely used with alcohol. Users drink plenty of water to avoid side effects.

  • A stimulant that has psychedelic effects that last between 4 and 6 hours.

  • It is usually a small colored sphere marked.

  • Reduces sexual barriers.

  • May cause teeth grinding, sweating or chills, dehydration, and heart or kidney failure due to increased heart rate and blood pressure.

  • May damage parts of the brain that are important for thinking and memory.

  • Common to all night dance parties called “raves”.

  • Users are attracted to lights, which is why incandescent wands are popular with raves.

  • limits the desire to eat, drink and sleep.

Physical effects of drug-promoting sexual abuse

Individuals may react differently to sedatives depending on the dose, metabolism, susceptibility to the drug and the presence of alcohol and / or other drugs.

There are several indications that the person may have received a sedative:

  • The victim thinks they may have been attacked but is not sure (unexplained pain or trauma, woke up in one place and maybe I remember how this got there, etc.).

  • Victim’s memories of aggression are uneven and confused; she/he may only remember parts of the attack or not at all.

  • The victim remembers the assault but unable to move or speak.

The victim believed that the degree of poisoning did not correlate with the amount of alcohol consumed. The victim woke up with a very ‘fuzzy’ feeling, addictive, amnesia and unexplained for a period of time.

Depending on the substance and the presence of alcohol and other drugs in your body, you may experience more dangerous and sometimes life-threatening side effects.

If drug-related sexual abuse is suspected, blood and / or urine samples should be taken as soon as possible. Most substances can be detected with proper drug testing. Test results can provide valuable evidence in court if prosecuted. It is important for healthcare professionals to determine if the medicine has been used in the last 96 hours (4 days).