Clean the area around the wound with alcohol, iodine tincture, ether, gasoline, bromocet, hydrogen peroxide, and (abundant blood) while keeping in mind that the direction from the edge of the wound to the outside will be noted. It is forbidden to wash the wound by eliminating the blood clots.
The risk of tetanus should be taken into consideration when treating soil-damaged wounds brought on by rusty metal objects.
Apply the dressing after washing the affected area with a moderate antiseptic solution (rivanol, hydrogen peroxide, etc.). (two or three sterile compresses over which cotton wool is applied and the gauze is wrapped).
The injured person will be taken to the closest medical facility after being dressed.
With a cotton swab, gauze pad, or by washing the eye with a jet of boric acid or clean water directed from the corner of the temple of the eye to the inner corner, foreign bodies entering under the eyelids are easily removed (to the nose).
The injured person will be taken right away to the ophthalmologist if the body removal attempt fails.
There may be internal, exterior, or both types of bleeding depending on the type of bleeding blood vessel (bleeding from the nose).
Digital compression above (in the arteries) or below (in the veins) the wound, by bending the limbs at the wrists and especially by donning the gaiter, stops external material haemorrhage (light red blood gushes in the heartbeat) and external venous haemorrhage (dark red blood flows continuously). In the latter scenario, a limb hemorrhage will be treated as follows:
Depending on whether the hemorrhage is arterial or venous, the gauze is applied above or below the wound on a piece of gauze or cloth.
Due to the internal hemorrhage, which is exhibited both by localized pain and by a general dangerous state, it is of the utmost importance to transport the patient, wrapped in bed, to the closest hospital due to the internal hemorrhage.
Both closed and open fractures might leave the skin and muscles unscathed (accompanied by wounds). The wounded limb will be immobilized with the use of cotton-covered splints, and the injured individual is not allowed to move it in any way.
The splints are put on without pressing on the fracture; instead, they just serve to stop it from getting worse. They will cross over the two joints next to the fracture and secure themselves with strips. Any person who is prepared for this eventuality and is known as the rescuer can administer first aid in the event of an injury.
Doctors, medical personnel, and employees with this training could be the rescuers. Third-class rescuers must be mindful of risks unique to their line of work. They frequently work at the same place of employment as the victims.
An unconscious person is not given anything orally. It is placed on the victim’s side or abdomen if they are still breathing. In order to promote breathing and drain any vomiting, it will no longer be handled (turned on its back or sideways). The doctor is his name.
Any interruption of a tissue’s continuity is referred to as a wound (wound damage) (skin, mucous membranes).
There is a lot of bleeding coming from the wound. The major goals of wound care are as follows:
stopping an infection;
Sterile compresses, cotton wool, plaster, sanitary alcohol, iodine tincture, hydrogen peroxide or perogenous pills, chloramine solution, potassium permanganate, rivanol, algocalmin, and antineuralgic are all required materials for the intervention.
Any bone breaking, crushing, or cracking caused by serious trauma is referred to as a fracture.
Preventing problems and easing pain are the goals of first aid.
It is not essential to be violent or force the victim to make unnecessary moves. Before the fracture is immobilized, the person should not be lifted or moved. If a fracture occurs, first aid is administered at the location of the accident unless there is a continuing risk to the rescuer or the victim. First aid in this situation means the person must be brought to the safest location.
Other potential mishaps include:
Accidents caused by electric current (electric shocks)
Transporting the patient to the hospital for specialized care is advised in these circumstances.