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Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

The American Heart Association (AHA) and the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) updated their recommendations on the efficacy of using only chest compressions in people who experience sudden cardiac arrest, indicating that they can be carried effectively without mechanical breathing.

A heart is unlikely to be revived with CPR. It aims to prevent or at least delay tissue death by maintaining the flow of oxygenated blood to the brain and heart. Without resulting in permanent brain damage, CPR can extend the window of opportunity for successful resuscitation.

The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) adopted new standards. For first responders and medical professionals, the new regulations simplify early resuscitation.

The updated recommendations state that if there is no breathing, rescuers should start CPR right away rather than check for a pulse. They continued that rescue breathing should never be performed without chest compression.

The two crucial CPR techniques are compressions of the chest and breathing.

Tighten your chest for 30 seconds

Next to the injured person, the first responder should kneel. They should be laying on their backs. For adults, place the heel of one hand at the middle of the chest. Your second hand should be placed on top of the first one with its fingers interlaced.

The chest should be pushed down between 1.5 and 2 inches. If the victim is a child, crush with one hand to a maximum of 1.5 inches if the victim is between the ages of 1 and 8. release and wait for the chest to fully heal before trying again. Always keep your elbows straight.

At a pulse rate of 100 beats per minute, push the breastbone up and down 30 times to a depth of around 5 cm.

Breathe twice

Make sure your airway is unobstructed and seal it by compressing your nose. Gently raise the chin up with your other hand’s two fingers. Exhale into the injured person’s airway after taking a deep breath and placing your mouth over theirs. Exhale into the injured person’s airway.

The chest rising and falling should be visible. To get another breath, lift your head and inhale deeply. As necessary, repeat steps 1, 2, 3, and 4.

Repeat the two breaths and 30 chest compressions about five times before confirming that you are breathing normally. If they are not breathing normally, keep performing CPR. Stay with the victim until help arrives if their breathing becomes normal.

Time is the most crucial factor, although chest compressions alone can save your life. Make sure to respond quickly. It’s important to avoid letting your hands bounce while giving chest compressions. Make sure your hand’s heel is touching the chest when performing chest compressions.

You might hear some pops and cracks while applying chest compressions. This is normal, so don’t be alarmed.